Demography & COVID-19
In light of the spread of the COVID-19, see what our experts are doing to investigate and address this issue. Demography can help us understand how this pandemic has spread and has had a disproportionate effect on certain age groups, as well as why its spread affects everyone. Check out the articles below for more information:
- Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) – Statistics and Research from the University of Oxford Our World in Data team comprising of Max Roser, Hannah Ritchie and Esteban Ortiz-Ospina. Their site, updated daily, provides comprehensive research and data on the coronavirus pandemic, including clear graphs and explanations of major trends.
- The Strength of Family Ties and COVID-19, by Nicoletta Balbo, Francesco C. Billari, and Alessia Melegaro of the Carlo F. Dondena Centre for Research on Social Dynamics (DONDENA), Bocconi University. They use data from the SHARE Survey and other comparative social surveys on ageing to explore the role of intergenerational social contacts in shaping the vulnerability of populations to the epidemic. [06/04/2020]
- Vulnerable groups at increased risk of COVID-19 in sub-Saharan Africa: The case of the HIV population, by Marília Nepomuceno of the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (MPIDR). As COVID-19 spreads, Nepomuceno draws attention to potential differences in the risk profile for the virus in high HIV prevalence settings, specifically sub-Saharan Africa.
- The Social Costs of COVID-19, discussing the possibly long-lasting, hard-to-measure, and heavy consequences of the coronavirus outbreak for social cohesion and social capital, featuring Professors Arnstein Aassve, Guido Alfani, Francesco Gandolfi, and Marco Le Moglie of the Carlo F. Dondena Centre for Research on Social Dynamics and Public Policy (Dondena) at Università Bocconi. [02/04/2020]
- Demographics of COVID-19 Deaths, a site by the French Institute for Demographic Studies / Institut national d'études démographiques (INED) providing data on COVID-19 deaths by age group and sex for Germany, Spain, France and Italy using official statistics provided daily by the countries. Other countries soon to be added. [02/04/2020]
- Expert interview on analysing COVID-19 pandemic mortality, with demographers France Meslé (INED) and Jean-Marie Robine (INED and INSERM). They discuss procedures used to determine death statistics as well as how current research will help inform future measures implemented to address epidemics. [02/04/2020]
- Population age structure only partially explains the large number of COVID-19 deaths at the oldest ages, by Anthony Medford of the Interdisciplinary Centre on Population Dynamics (CPOP) at University of Southern Denmark and Sergi Trias-Llimós of the Department of Non-communicable Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. The authors explore differences in age distribution of deaths from COVID-19 among European countries which have old age structures. [01/04/2020]
- COVID-19: Visualizing regional socioeconomic indicators for Europe, by Asjad Naqvi of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA). This IIASA mapbook is made available to disseminate key demographic and population information in a visible form to assist health professionals, disaster response operations, governments and policymakers from across the European Union. It will continue to expand on a list of key indicators that can be used to better understand the socioeconomic and demographic contexts under which the current COVID-19 crisis is unfolding. [01/04/2020]
- A special issue from the Population Assocation of America (PAA) containing studies on COVID-19 from demographers around the world, after issuing a call for contributions on 11 March. This includes a study of COVID-19 in unequally ageing European regions by Ilya Kashnitsky and José Manuel Aburto of the Interdisciplinary Centre on Population Dynamics (CPOP) at University of Southern Denmark. [01/04/2020]
- Monitoring trends and differences in COVID-19 case fatality rates using decomposition methods: Contributions of age structure and age-specific fatality, by Christian Dudel, Tim Riffe, Mikko Myrskylä, Alyson van Raalte, and Enrique Acosta of the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. The authors analyse the case fatality rate associated with COVID-19 in several countries and the contribution of two key determinants in observed variation: the age-structure of diagnosed infection cases and age-specific case fatality rates. [30/03/2020]
- COVID-19: A Gender Lens, a report from the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) on how disease outbreaks can affect women and men differently. Special attention should be given to how the work environment - especially the health and social sector workforce - may expose women to discrimination, as well as sexual & reproductive health and psychosocial needs of frontline workers. [30/03/2020]
- OECD Reports on COVID-19. The OECD has published several brief analyses on the impacts and consequences of the coronavirus outbreak, as well as possible solutions, in areas including containment, health, employment, education, and more. The site is continuously supplemented and updated. [30/03/2020]
- Latin American and Caribbean governments must increase the COVID-19 test coverage drastically to mitigate the humanitarian impact of the pandemic, by Enrique Acosta, José Manuel Aburto, Diego Alburez-Gutierrez, Raquel Guimaraes, and Marília Nepomuceno of the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA). They urge regional governments and international organizations, including the World Health Organization and the Pan American Health Organization, to take immediate actions to drastically increase the availability and coverage of COVID-19 tests in the region.
- The Figures of Coronavirus Aggressiveness in Lombardy, a study by the Lombardy Region and co-authored by Alessia Melegaro of the Carlo F. Dondena Centre for Research on Social Dynamics and Public Policy (Dondena) at Università Bocconi. The study provides the first description of the COVID-19 outbreak in Lombardy, including who was infected, severity of infections, rate of infection, and other features. [26/03/2020]
- Coronavirus crisis ‘likely to reduce birth rate’, according to population expert Dr Liz Allen of the Australian National University (ANU). "Research shows people are less likely to have children in a period of uncertainty and scarcity," Dr Allen said. She also discusses the particular challenges and possibilities faced by Australia. [26/03/2020]
- The UK's Office for National Statistics is collecting data and analysis on coronavirus in the UK and its effects on the economy and society. [26/03/2020]
- Technical Brief on the Implications of COVID-19 on Census, by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). With 150 countries scheduled to complete census enumeration in 2020 and 2021, disruptions due to the COVID-19 pandemic will be significant. Several countries have already taken decisions to postpone the census, with many others yet to announce the way forward.
- Pandemics and social capital: From the Spanish flu of 1918-19 to COVID-19, by Arnstein Aassve, Guido Alfani, Francesco Gandolfi, & Marco Le Moglie of the Carlo F. Dondena Centre for Research on Social Dynamics and Public Policy (Dondena) at Università Bocconi. The authors use US population data to analyse the permanent consequences of the pandemic on individual behaviour and find evidence of long-term deterioration in social trust, with important economic consequences. [22/03/2020]
- Mapping hospital demand: demographics, spatial variation, and the risk of “hospital deserts” during COVID-19 in England and Wales, by Mark Verhagen, David Brazel, Jennifer Beam Dowd, Ilya Kashnitsky, & Melinda Mills. of the Leverhulme Centre for Demographic Science & the Interdisciplinary Centre on Population Dynamics (CPOP) at University of Southern Denmark. The authors demonstrate how the interaction between local demography, morbidity and mortality rates amongst elderly infected with COVID-19, and regional variation in hospital resources creates “hospital deserts” lacking sufficient resources to cope with the virus outbreak. Understanding such local differences can aid in preparing for the coming wave of critical cases through redistribution of resources. [21/03/2020]
- A Demographer's View of the Coronavirus Pandemic, an article in the New Yorker featuring demographer C. Jessica Metcalf of Princeton University. Metcalf discusses what this pandemic can teach us about ageing societies, the effectiveness of school closings, and how pandemics throughout history have affected certain age groups. [13/03/2020]
- Demographic science aids in understanding the spread and fatality rates of COVID-19, by Jennifer Beam Dowd, Valentina Rotondi, Liliana Andriano, David M. Brazel, Per Block, Xuejie Ding, Yan Liu, & Melinda C. Mills of the Leverhulme Centre for Demographic Science, University of Oxford & Nuffield College, UK. The authors highlight the role of demography, particularly population age structure, in explaining differences in transmission and fatality rates cross-nationally. The authors provide policy recommendations that take population age composition and intergenerational relationships into account. [13/03/2020]
We wish all of our audiences health and safety during this time.