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Research News

Research News are short texts, similar to a press release, which allow users to stay updated on the partners’ research publications.

Fertility patterns & later-life loneliness
Thijs van den Broek and Marco Tosi analysed data from the Generations & Gender Programme (GGP) of older parents from eight Eastern-European countries. By using an instrumental variable approach, the authors show that for women, having multiple children had a causal protective effect against loneliness. [...]
A comparative study of 19 European countries and the United States
A recent study by Eva Beaujouan and Caroline Berghammer looked at the fertility gap among women in 19 European countries and the United States. Their results indicate that on average, compared to earlier expectations and intentions, women had fewer children and were childless more often. Fertility gaps differed by country & education level, leading to possible structural explanations. [...]
What role do childhood experiences play in how individuals react to their environment?
Gergő Baranyi and colleagues used data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) to assess longitudinal associations of neighbourhood nuisances and access to services with depression among older European adults. They found that those exposed to neighbourhood nuisances, i.e., higher poverty, more neighbourhood problems (e.g., crime, noise, littering) or higher air pollution, had a 36 per cent increased chance of developing depression. [...]
The role of teachers in migrant students’ school achievement
Triventi looked at national data on the whole population of students enrolled in the fifth and sixth grade in Italy in 2012 to investigate whether teachers grade students with a migration background (SMBs) less generously than native students with comparable academic skills. He found that SMBs who achieved similar standardised test scores nevertheless received lower average grades in both reading and mathematics. [...]
It’s not just about the end game
Karhula, Erola, Raab and Fasang used Finnish register data and found similarities in socio-economic trajectories between siblings, with similarities proving strongest among the most and least advantaged. They concluded that taking a life course perspective is key to examining issues of social mobility. [...]
The impact of one’s neighbours and co-workers on partner selection
A study by Rahnu et al. looked at longitudinal register data from Statistics Findland to see how the share of immigrants in one’s workplace and in one’s residential neighbourhood influences the chances of a native Finn choosing a foreign-born partner. They found positive relationships for both domains. [...]
Impact of transitioning into and out of spousal caregiving on one’s health
A study by Damiano Uccheddu, Anne H. Gauthier, Nardi Steverink and Tom Emery used data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) to identify the impact of the transition into and out of providing care for a spouse on the health of carers. [...]
Having highly educated children is associated with reduced mortality risk for parents
Does having highly educated adult children reduce mortality risks for parents with low educational attainment in Europe? Albert Sabater and Elspeth Graham (Centre for Population Change and the University of St Andrews) together with Alan Marshall (University of Edinburgh) examined data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) to answer this question. [...]
Using detailed longitudinal census and register data from the 2000s combined with childcare coverage rates for 588 municipalities in Belgium, a new study by Jonas Wood and Karel Neels from the Centre for Longitudinal and Life-Course Studies at the University of Antwerp indicates clear and substantial positive effects of local formal childcare provision on the likelihood of having a child among dual-earner couples, especially when considering becoming a parent for the first time. [...]
In a brand-new and critical study, Bruno Schoumaker explored vital statistics, surveys, and censuses from 163 countries to provide a broad overview of male fertility around the world and over time, and to identify the factors leading to differences between male and female fertility levels and trends. [...]